How to write a song? Can creative process have rules? To write songs, it is important to learn how to find inspiration and come up with ideas for lyrics. You must also have an idea about your target audience, because the same song may appeal to some people and cause negative emotions in others. To write songs, you can not even have a musical and philological education. You just need to learn how to convey your thoughts and mood with the help of text and melody.
Describe the artist of the song
Even if you are writing a song for yourself and not for another artist, think about how the listeners perceive the artist. As an attractive temptress, a bad guy, always suffering romance, a schoolgirl, a rich and successful celebrity, a good-natured person with a wide heart? This is an important question, because the style of the text will depend on the answer to it. The colloquial words or obscene language can be enthusiastically accepted in the same environment from a particular character. If the singer who sings for intelligent grandmothers swears in the lyrics of the song, the target audience will not understand and forgive him. A musician with the image of a dangerous gangster will face aggression, but a good-natured guy with such a song will only ruin his reputation.
Decide on the mood you want to convey to the audience.
Music is a product that, according to the listener, should meet his expectations. On digital platforms and in social networks there are playlists with songs that are intended for a party, for a date, for a meeting of spring or summer and even for cleaning. Which playlist does your song fall into? Under it you can dance, feel sad or angry at the whole world? The mood of the song, its text and arrangement will depend on the mood.
Come up with an idea for the lyrics
If you are a songwriter, then you have something to say to this world. That’s why you write lyrics. If the idea does not come quickly and immediately, remember a case from the life that caused you certain emotions. If you write a sad ballad, then remember how you suffered from unrequited sympathy, how you missed your loved one. These stories can be the plot for a ballad. For a humorous song suitable funny case from life. You can simply list the items and activities that please you or distress. The author of the songs will help to find ideas for a personal diary, the experiences recorded in them, evoke vivid emotions even after a long time.
And what if you are a bearded man, and write a song for a schoolgirl? You can take as a basis the story from the life of a familiar girl. If the story really touches you, then you can write a sincere text about it. Movies, books, pictures, videos and posts on social networks can also become the basis for the text, but it is likely that someone has already used them.
Create a text outline
Best to start with the chorus. This part of the song should be the most vivid and memorable. If the chorus does not work out, then start to write the text with the verse, and put off the chorus. There are world hits in which there is no text in the chorus, but simply amusing combinations of sounds. In the verses, it is important to fully articulate what you want to talk about; you can first write it down without rhyme, so that it is clear what the first verse is about and what the second one will be about.
Choose a song tempo and create a beat
It is important to decide on tempo, even if you collaborate with an arranger and independently compose only a melody and text. When will the listener include our song? If you can dance under it, then you need a fairly fast pace, if you turn on the trip and look out the window at the trees passing by, then another one. It is better not only to characterize the tempo, but to record the value of the metronome, for example, one hundred beats per minute. It will be great if you compose and record a batch of drums in a music editor or in a music production program.
Come up with a melody
Composing a melody is best to start with the chorus. The melody should be thought up, even if there are no words in the chorus. You can not just forgive a melody without text, but sing in a fictional language, pronounce arbitrary combinations of sounds. It sounds funny, but it helps to think about the rhythmic structure of the melody. Such improvisation can unleash you and push the idea of the original text.
After the chorus is ready, go to the verse. It will be good if you make an exit to the chorus, which the musicians call the “bridge”. He must harmoniously to the refrain. This is achieved by the resolution of unstable steps to steady. The most stable level of the mode is the first, its name is called tonality. Stable steps of the frets are also the third and fifth steps. There are seven steps in the fret, as many as notes in the major and minor scales. In the transition you need to create a feeling of tension. Even if you can’t play instruments, you can only play bass. The greatest tension is created when the bass is on the second or seventh steps of the scale. Come up with a transition that ends on these steps, and you will hear that the chorus sounds like you have been waiting for it for a long time.
The song may also have a “third part”. This is part of a song that is different from the verse and chorus. It is necessary for the third chorus to sound bright. Using the “third part” will help avoid the feeling of monotony from listening to the song. This part can also be built on the principle of unstable ladder steps to tonic. It can be allocated and other means. In a song with a variety of instruments in the “third part” there can be one or two instruments. In a track with a loud vocal, a singer can sing softly in this part. In a song with vocals, you can insert a recitative. Here the principle of using contrast is important.
Modify the text
When the melody is ready, proceed to the finalization of the text. Finally, think over the chorus, which expresses the main idea. It should be remembered, it is he who will know and sing the audience.
Modify the text of the verse and melody. It doesn’t matter if the melody of the couplet changes a little in the process of its improvement. Avoid banal rhymes such as “blood and love” unless you are writing a parody of popular retro songs. Verbal rhymes are also not desirable, but in dance or other light music, the meaning of which is not accepted to listen, they may be appropriate. Obscene language, foreign and outdated slang words, scientific and professional terms should be used, considering who your target audience is.
In the classic poems in the rhymed lines often contain the same number of syllables. The song is optional. If there are fewer syllables in one line, you can stretch the vowel or sonorous consonant sound into several syllables, singing melodies, that is, vocal decorations of a melody.
Maybe the lack of rhyme, if it is appropriate stylistically. Rhyme is perceived by the listener as a pleasant harmonious sound, as a consonance in sounds. But dissonances such as small are also used in music, although they don’t sound very pleasant. Dissonances are needed to express suffering, tension and instability. The same with the lack of rhyme. When a person sings about suffering, using perfect rhymes, it doesn’t sound very natural, as it were, as it were. But some listeners negatively react to the absence of rhyme, they do not consider this to be poetry.
Imagine your song sounds on the radio.
If there is a melody and text, the song can be considered finished. You can sing it to the accompaniment of a guitar or other instrument. Further improvements relate to the arrangement. Even if you are applying to the services of an arranger, imagine that the song is ready and sounds on radio or in playlists on digital platforms. What musical instruments sound there? What part do the drums play, are they acoustic or electronic? Is there any backing vocals? Where should the volume increase, and where should it fall? If you present the final version of the song, it will be easier for you to explain to a specialist what you want and create exactly the song that you planned.